Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Bāṇaliñga literally means ‘liṅga of Bāṇa’.

Occurence of Bāṇaliṅgas[edit]

Bāṇaliṅgas are natural liṅgas of Śiva (svayambhu or self-manifest) made of crystallized quartz. They are generally found in some sacred rivers like the Narmadā.

Significance of Bāṇaliṅgas[edit]

A legend goes that Śiva got them manifested at the special request of Bāṇāsura, a great devotee of his. It is hence named as ‘bāṇaliṅga’.

Characteristics of Bāṇaliṅgas[edit]

Though several stones shaped like a liṅga are found in the river Narmadā, not all of them are bāṇaliṅgas. Special characteristics are prescribed for them in order to determine which ones are true bāṇaliṅgas. The bāṇaliṅgas occur in many shapes, sizes and colors. They are hence given different names.

  • The ‘āgneya-liñga’ will be rose in color and warm to touch.
  • The ‘yāmya-liṅga’ is shaped like a cudgel.
  • The ‘varuṇa-liñga’ is round in shape.
  • The ‘raudra-liṅga’ resembles a piece of bone.
  • The ‘vaiṣṇava-liṅga’ has variegated colors.

They are sometimes given different names of Śiva like Svayambhu, Mṛtyuñjaya or Nīlakaṇṭha depending upon their external characteristics.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore