By Swami Harshananda
Bhavatārini literally means ‘One who causes the jīva to cross the ocean of samsāra’.
Worship of God as the Śakti (the Divine Power or Mother) is quite ancient in the religious tradition. One of the more well-known and especially the fierce aspects of this Śakti is Kālī. Bhavatārīṇī, which literally means ‘one who helps the jīva or the individual soul to cross over samsāra or transmigratory existence,’ is one of the names by which Kāli is known in the Bengali tradition of Śakti worship.
The deity at the famous temple of Kāli in Daksiṇeśvar (Calcutta) has been well-known as Bhavatārini.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore