Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Worship of deities is done after their symbolic representations are imbued subtle presence through appropriate rites such as Āvāhana - inviting, Prāṇapratiṣṭhā - infusing life. These images are generally installed in temples for public worship are prepared strictly according to the principles of mūrtiśilpaśāstra or the text of making mūrti-s. The basic unit of length used in the sculpturing images is called tāla (or span). Tāla is defined as the measurement of the palm of the hand from the tip of the middle finger to the wrist and is equal to the length of the face from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin. This tāla is again divided into 12 equal parts, each part being designated as ‘aṅgula’. While sculpturing the images, standards are prescribed on the basis of tāla (and the aṅgulas). Hence this system is called the ‘tālamāna’ paddhati or system. Daśatāla literally means ‘ten spans’. If an image is to be ‘daśatāla,’ it simply means that the total height from the bottom of the feet in the standing posture to the top of the head should be ten tālas.

Types of Daśatāla Measurements[edit]

The daśatāla measurement is divided into three varieties:

  1. Uttama - superior. The proportion of this measurement is 124 aṅgulas.
  2. Madhyama - middling. The proportion of this measurement is 120 aṅgulas.
  3. Adhama - inferior. The proportion of this measurement is 116 aṅgulas.

Significance of Daśatāla Measurement[edit]

The daśatāla is the most preferred scale for making the images of the major deities and their female counter parts. It is prescribed for the icons that are worshiped for getting various benefits.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore