Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Doṣa literally means ‘that which contaminates’, defect.


The word is derived from the root ‘duṣ’ which means ‘to contaminate,’ or ‘to spoil’.


The word ‘doṣa’ has several synonyms such as:

  1. Fault
  2. Sin
  3. Vice
  4. Crime
  5. Disrespect
  6. Abuse
  7. Evil
  8. Deficiency

However, it is also used in a technical sense in certain fields of knowledge.


In Literary Compositions[edit]

In literary compositions doṣa can be of five types. They are:

  1. Padadoṣa - pertaining to the use of the word
  2. Padāmśadoṣa - pertaining to the use of the a part of the word
  3. Vākyadoṣa - pertaining to the use of the sentence
  4. Arthadoṣa - pertaining to the use of the meaning
  5. Rasadoṣa - pertaining to the use of the sentiment

These defects are sometimes raised to ten or even more.

In Logic[edit]

In tarka or logic, the dosas are broadly categorized in two ways. They are:

  1. Lakṣaṇadoṣa - defect in implication meaning
  2. Hetudoṣa - defect in the enumeration of causes

In Ayurveda[edit]

In the Ayurveda, the main constituents of health are the three doṣas or humors:

  1. Kapha - phlegm
  2. Vāta - wind
  3. Pitta - bile

If they are in a balanced state, health will be maintained. Disease results on them being disturbed or imbalanced.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles