Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Gautama Dharmasutras

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Religion has always considered dharma[1] as a basic value which must cover all the individual and social aspects of life. Dharmasutra literature is one of the earliest classes of scriptures dealing with dharma.

Significance of Gautama Dharmasutras[edit]

The Dharmasutras of Gautama has been considered quite ancient (600-400 A.C.) infact the oldest and authoritative dharmasutra work. It has been held in high esteem by the later writers of dharmaśāstras.

Gautam Dharmasutra Era[edit]

There is reason to believe that the Dharmasutras of Gautama is an independent work and not a part of the Kalpasutras. The sage Gautama probably belonged to the Rāṇāyānīya school of the Sāmaveda.

Aspects of Gautama Dharmasutras[edit]

The Gautama Dharmasutras is written entirely in prose and has 28 chapters. A brief summary of the contents can now be attempted:

  1. Sources of dharma
  2. Details of the upanayana sacrament
  3. The four āśramas
  4. Rules concerning marriage and the duties of a householder
  5. The pañcamahāyajñas or the five daily sacrifices
  6. The duties of the four varṇas
  7. Rājadharma or the duties and responsibilities of a king
  8. Crime and punishment
  9. Rules concerning law-suits
  10. Śrāddhas or obsequial ceremonies
  11. Rules regulating food and eating
  12. On women
  13. Sins and their expiations
  14. Penances
  15. Partition of property and related matters

Commentaries on Gautama Dharmasutra[edit]

This work has a bhāṣya or commentary by Maskarin (A. D. 900) and another one called Mitāksarā by Haradatta (A. D. 1100).


  1. Dharma was the foundational morality and ethics.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore