Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Hiraṇyakaśipu literally means ‘one who has covered himself with gold’, ‘the greedy one’.

Jaya and Vijaya, the gate-keepers of Vaikuṇṭha, the abode of Viṣṇu, were once cursed by the sages Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatkumāra and Sanatsujāta, to be born as rākṣasas (demons). The curse was to be effective for three births only. They were hence born as Hiraṇyākṣa and Hiraṇyakaśipu in the Kṛtayuga, as Rāvaṇa and Kumbhakarṇa in the Tretāyuga, and as Siśupāla and Dantavaktra in the Dvāparayuga. In all the three births they were killed by Lord Viṣṇu in his incarnations as Varāha, Narasimha, Rāma and Kṛṣṇa.

Hiraṇyakaśipu, the son of Kaśyapa and Diti, was enraged by the killing of his twin-brother Hiraṇyākṣa by the lord Viṣṇu. He performed severe austerities, pleased the god Brahmā and secured several boons from him. Emboldened by these, he conquered the gods in heaven and started harassing everyone.

He had four sons, of whom Prahlāda (the famous child-devotee) was the eldest. Since he was deeply devoted to Viṣṇu, Hiraṇyakaśipu tried his level best, first to ‘reform’ him and then to liquidate him. But by Lord Viṣṇu’s grace and protection the boy remained unharmed. Finally Hiraṇyakaśipu was killed by the lord in the form of Narasimha (man-lion). Thus the world was freed from an incorrigible tyrant. This story appears mainly in the Viṣṇupurāna[1] and the Bhāgavata[2]


  1. Viṣṇupurāna 1.17-20
  2. Bhāgavata 7.1-10
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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