From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

The purāṇas give us some idea of the concept of time in the ancient days while describing creation and allied topics. ‘Yuga’ is one such concept. There are four Yuga:

  1. Kṛtayuga
  2. Tretāyuga
  3. Dvāparayuga
  4. Kaliyuga

The Kṛtayuga is also called ‘Satyayuga’. It is spread over 4800 years of the gods or 17,28,000 human years. It is supposed to begin on that day when Ravi (the sun), Candra (thse moon) and Bṛhaspati or Guru (the jupiter) meet in the nakṣatra or asterism of Puṣya.[1]

Life in Kṛtayuga[edit]

In Kṛtayuga, dharma[2] is firmly established on all the four feet. The peculiarities of this yuga is:

  • People are well-fed, well-clothed, ever satisfied and happy.
  • They are always rooted in dharma and never swerve from it.
  • Members of the four varṇas are ever devoted to their vocations.
  • There is perfect harmony in the society.


  1. Gamma, delta, theta cancri
  2. Dharma is conceived of as a bull here.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore