Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By M. A. Alwar

Ilāvṛta is one of the nine divisions of Jambudvīpa.[1] It was ruled by a king Ilāvṛtam, son of Agnīdhra.


Ilāvṛtam is a neutral form.


It is derived from "irayā āvṛtam" which means 'Surrounded by water'.

Perspective from Rishis and Purānas[edit]

Ilāvṛtam As per Trikāṇḍaśeṣa[edit]

Ilāvṛtam is the name of a varṣa among the nine varṣas of Jambudvīpa.

Ilāvṛtam As per Bhāgavata[edit]

  • The ilāvṛta-varṣa lies surrounding the Sumeru mountain.
  • It is bounded by Nīla mounain in the North, Niṣadha in the South, Malyavān in the West and mount Gandhamādana in the East.
  • He was the son of Agnīdhra who inherited a varṣa called ilāvṛta from his father.

Ilāvṛtam As per Viṣṇupurāṅa[edit]

Viṣṇupurāṅa says:[2]

“Oh great sage! Agnīdhra was the ruler of Jambudvīpa. He had nine sons equaling Prajāpati-s. They were Nābhiḥ, Kiṁpuruṣaḥ, Harivarṣaḥ, Ilāvṛtaḥ, Ramyaḥ, Hiraṅvān, Kuruḥ, Bhadrāśvaḥ, and Ketumāla.”

See also[edit]


  1. Jambudvīpa is one of the seven continents surrounding mount Meru.
  2. Viṣṇupurāṅa 2|1|16,17,18
  • Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu