Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By M. A. Alwar


Indhanam is a neutral form.



It is derived from "indhe dīpyate agniranena" which means 'Fire burns by this'.


Grammatically, it can be split as indha+lyuṭ which denotes the instrumental sense. It it the fuel used for lighting fire like grass, firewood, etc.


The synonyms are:

  1. Idhmam
  2. Edhaḥ
  3. Samit
  4. Edham[1]
  5. Samindhanam[2]
  6. Jālāni Kath[3]

Manu's perspective[edit]

“The headman of the village should collect food, water, fuel, etc. which is to be given to the king daily, by the villagers”. [4]


  1. As per Amara
  2. As per Śabdaratnāvalī.
  3. जालानी काठ in Hindi.
  4. Manu 7|118
  • Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu