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Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratisha Article Competition winners

Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

Rāmāyaṇa tradition in northeast Bhārat by Virag Pachpore


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Mythological works describe fourteen worlds, six above this earth and seven below it. These worlds comprise the universe. Janaloka is the fifth world above the earth. Four types of divine beings live here. They have control and conquer over the five elements (pañcamahā-bhutas) and the sense-organs. Their duration of life is two thousand kalpas.[1] According to one account, it is millions of leagues away from the pole-star.


  1. One kalpa is 3.32 billion human years.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore