Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

The varṇa and jati have been an integral part of the society over the millennia. As the society progressed in the civilization with more and more professions and avenues of earning wealth, the number of jati-s also got multiplied.

The ‘kāyastha’ is one such jati which is not mentioned in the ancient dharmasutras. However, the Viṣṇu Dharmasutras[1] assigned to the period A. D. 300-700 mentions the word, but only in the sense of an accountant. It must have acquired the sense of jati at a later period.

With regard to the hierarchy of the kāyasthas among the varṇas and jatis there seem to be differences of opinion. Some High Courts have assigned to them the position of dvijās[2] whereas others have relegated them to the śudra varna.

Some works speak of three sub-jati-s among the kāyasthas:

  1. Kārāvara
  2. Kāruṣa
  3. Kirāta

These divisions were perhaps made by the differences in professions and way of life.


  1. Viṣṇu Dharmasutras 7.3
  2. Dvijās means ‘the twice-born’ ones
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore