From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Kṣetra literally means ‘field’.

Though this word is used in a general sense for agricultural field, in technical sense it stands for the body since it is through this body that the fruits of karma, good or bad, are reaped.[1] Later, the same work includes the following under the purview of this term[2]:

  • Five elements
  • Egoism
  • Intellect
  • Ten sense-organs
  • Objects of sense-organs

Another meaning of the word is ‘a place of pilgrimage’. In astrology, the twelve zodiac signs are considered as the kṣetras of the seven planets. For instance, Ravi (Sun) has Simha (Leo) as his kṣetra. This helps in estimating the effects of these planets.


  1. Bhagavadgitā 13.1
  2. Bhagavadgitā 13.5 and 6
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore