Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Narahari Tirtha

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Narahari Tirtha lived in A. D. 1250-1335. Among the four chief disciples of Madhvācārya,[1] Narahari Tīrtha was the third. Known as Svāmiśāstri in his pre-monastic days, he was an officer of the kings of Kaliṅga[2] of the Gajapati Dynasty. When Madhvācārya visited the kingdom, it was Svāmiśāstri being the most learned among the court pundits, who had to face him in philosophical disputation. Being vanquished by him, Svāmiśāstri as per the original covenant, renounced the world and became a sanyāsin disciple of Madhvācārya, assuming the monastic name ‘Narahari Tirtha.’ He stayed back in his place, obeying the injunctions of his guru.

When the royal dynasty was about to collapse due to the death of the young king and the kingdom plunge into chaos, he assumed the reins of the king and ruled very efficiently until the heir-apparent came of age, to take over. As per the desire of Madhvācārya, he secured the beautiful images of Sītā and Rāma from the new king and returned to Uḍupi to join his preceptor. It is said that Madhvācārya worshiped the images for 80 days and then bequeathed the same to Padmanābha Tīrtha, the first of the four disciples. Narahari Tīrtha became the abbot after the demise of Padmanābha Tīrtha, in A. D. 1324.

Narahari Tīrtha was a great scholar in Sanskrit and Dvaita Vedānta. He was also a poet in Kannada language. His songs in Kannada have the aṅkita[3] ‘Raghupati,’ though, sometimes, he has used his real name itself. He wrote a ṭippaṇī[4] on the Brahmasutrabhāsya of Madhvācārya. He is reputed to have written an independent commentary on the Bhagavadgitā. Some of the other works referred to by other writers as his are:

  1. Karmanirnaya
  2. Tattvadyota
  3. Khandanatraya


  1. He lived in A. D. 1238-1317.
  2. Kaliṅga is present Orissa.
  3. Aṅkita means assumed title.
  4. Tippaṇī means brief notes.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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