By Swami Harshananda
It is one of the chief basic texts of the Pāśupata. Śaivism is the Pāśupatasutras with the bhāṣya of Kauṇḍinya. Since five subjects have been discussed, this work is also known as the Pañcārthasutras. These subjects are:
- Kārya - effect
- Kāraṇa - cause
- Yoga - meditation and union
- Vidhi - behavior
- Duḍkhānta - dissolution of sorrow
Only a brāhmaṇa with keen senses was considered to be fit for the path of spiritual discipline described here. The work lays a great emphasis on ascetic forms of the discipline. Paśupati’s or īśvara’s grace is absolutely necessary to attain duhkhānta.
- It is the 2nd cent. A. D.
- Bhāṣya means the commentary.
- He lived in the 4th to 6th cent. A. D.
- It is same as mokṣa.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore