Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pāriplava literally means ‘that which is repeated again and again’.

Significance of Aśvamedha Sacrifice[edit]

In ancient times, especially for the kings and the emperors, performance of the Vedic sacrifices was rather the rule than an exception. Powerful kings and emperors thought of performing the Aśvamedha sacrifice as a matters of prestige to establish their supremacy over other rulers. As a part of this sacrifice, a duly selected horse was let off to roam about as per his will for a period of one year after which it would be brought back. Kings or rulers of the lands where the horse roamed about, were either to accept the sovereignty of the performer of the sacrifice and pay some ransom or fight with the army accompanying the horse.

Pāriplava Definition[edit]

During this one year period, the king who is in yajñadīkṣā[1] has to perform an iṣṭi[2] to Savitṛ[3] three times a day. After the last offering in the evening he has to sit and listen to some ancient legends recited by the hotṛ priest in the presence of other priests. These recitations have a general name called ‘pāriplava’.

Significance of Pāriplava[edit]

A pāriplava lasts for ten days. It is repeated 36 times in one year. What exactly should be the legends to be recited on each day is prescribed in the Śautasutra works. The itihāsas and the purāṇas are to be recited on the 8th and the 9th nights. The whole idea seems to be that the mind of the yajamāna[4] should be kept on a high plane as much as possible.


  1. Yajñadīkṣā means taking vows as per the rules of the sacrifice.
  2. Isti means a simple sacrifice.
  3. Savitṛ means the Sun.
  4. Yajamāna means the sacrificer.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore