From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pratyagātman literally means ‘the Self inside’.

This word actually refers to the ātman or the Self within our heart.[1] It is interpreted either as Paramātman[2] or as the jīvātman.[3]


  1. Kathā Upaniṣad 4.1
  2. Paramātman means the Supreme Self.
  3. Jīvātman means the individual soul.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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