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Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Preyas literally means ‘what is pleasant’.

Preyas is that which attracts us even at first sight, because it can give us immediate pleasure. However, it may not, mostly not, give us true happiness and peace that we hanker for even in the long run. The Kathopaniṣad[1] states that śreyas[2] and preyas,[3] both approach a human being, requesting him as it were, to accept them. However, a man of wisdom after properly discriminating the relative merits of both, accepts the former and rejects the latter. The Bṛhadāranyaka Upaniṣad[4] uses the word in the ordinary sense of ‘dear’.


  1. Kathopaniṣad 2.1 and 2
  2. Śreyas means the good.
  3. Preyas means the pleasant.
  4. Bṛhadāranyaka Upaniṣad 1.4.8
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore