Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Purusamedha literally means ‘human-sacrifice'.

Human sacrifice, however detestable it is, has existed in many ancient countries and cultures, including the Semitic,[1] the Celtic,[2] the Chinese, the Greek, the Iranian, the Japanese and the Korean. The word ‘Puruṣamedha’ means a sacrifice in which a human being is also one of the ‘animals’ to be immolated. It is stated to be a Somayāga of five days’ duration. The Śrautasutras of Apastamba[3] and Bodhāyana[4] deal with it.

The story of Śunaśśepha as it occurs in the Aitareya Brāhmana[5] and referred to even in the Ṛgveda[6][7] raises the suspicion that such a sacrifice might have been existing in the most ancient period. However, even by the time of the Śatapatha Brāhmana[8] sacrifice of human beings, whether in Puruṣa-medha, Aśvamedha or Rājasuya, had already become symbolical. After the usual rites, the human being would be let off.

The purāṇas and the tantras refer to another type, called ‘narabali,’ wherein human beings were sacrificed to appease the fierce goddess Kālī. This practice has somehow survived even today, especially among the aboriginal tribes, though getting more and more rare.


  1. It includes the Arabian, Babylonian, Hebrew and Egyptian civilization.
  2. It is the Indo-European civilization.
  3. Śrautasutras 20.24-25
  4. Śrautasutras 24.11
  5. Aitareya Brāhmana 33.5
  6. Ṛgveda 1.24.12
  7. Ṛgveda 13 5.2.7
  8. Śatapatha Brāhmana 13.6
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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