From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sabhā literally means ‘assembly’.

Different Inferences of the Word Sabhā[edit]

  • The earliest meaning of this word seems to be the gambling hall.[1]
  • Later on, it acquired other meanings like an assembly of learned persons as well as other persons needed to be present and presided over by the king.
  • The word samiti was also used in the same sense.
  • In all probability it was not an elected body but an ad hoc one.
  • The word has sometimes been used to indicate an assembly of learned people, probably to discuss and decide some important issues before the king.
  • Sabhā can also mean an auditorium or a building meant for meetings.


  1. Ṛgveda 10.34.6
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore