From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Though the word saiyama is used in the general sense of control or self-control, the Yogasutras[1] of Patañjali[2] employs it as a technical term. When dhāraṇā[3] and dhyāna[4] result in samādhi,[5] the process[6] is defined as saiyama.

Patañjali describes a number of siddhis[7] that a yogi attains by practicing saiyama on various objects.[8]


  1. Yogasutras 3.4
  2. He lived in 200 B. C.
  3. Dhāraṇā means fixing the mind on an object.
  4. Dhyāna means meditation on the same.
  5. Samādhi means superconscious experience.
  6. The process of practicing these three together.
  7. Siddhis are the psychic powers.
  8. Yogasutras 3.5-55
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore