From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Vivekananda

Origin of Santānagopāla[edit]

After completing his Vedic studies under his teacher Sāndīpani, Kṛṣṇa requested him to accept some gurudakṣiṇa. Then Sāndīpani, who was aware of Kṛṣṇa’s divinity, requested him to bring back his dead son alive who had been drowned at the Prabhāsa, the famous pilgrimage center on the sea-shore.[1] Kṛṣṇa did it by killing the demon Pañcajana and brought back the boy from the world of Yama, the god of death. This aspect of Kṛṣṇa is known as Santānagopāla.

Iconographical Representation of Santānagopāla[edit]

Iconographical works describe him as four-armed carrying the following:

  1. Śaṅkha - conch
  2. Cakra - discus
  3. Gadā - mace
  4. Padma - lotus

He wears yellow silken garments. He is adorned with peacock feathers. He is surrounded by cows, calves and cowherds.


  1. It is in Gujarat near the Somanātha temple.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles