By Swami Harshananda
Sinhāsana literally means ‘lion-seat’.
The lion is generally considered the king or the monarch of the forest, the animal kingdom. Hence it became a symbol of royalty. The throne of a monarch is usually decorated with figures of lions on either side of the seat as arm-rests. The four legs of the throne may also be shown as resting on crouching lions. Hence it is called sinhāsana.
The Mānasāra, a famous ancient work on the religious Architecture, divides the siṅhāsanas into four classes:
Though various kinds of siṅhāsanas have been described, the most beautiful one may be chosen for the king or the deity.
- Mānasāra 55.1-112
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore