From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sthānaka literally means ‘standing posture’.


Images of deities installed in the temples are generally of three types:

  1. Sthānaka - standing
  2. Āsīna - sitting
  3. Śayāna - reclining

Images of the sthānaka type are the most common ones. These images can be samapāda[1] or viṣamapāda.[2]


  1. Samapāda means when the two feet are close together.
  2. Viṣamapāda means where one leg is straight and the other is slightly bent and placed at a distance from the former.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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