From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

A sage named Jājali performed severe austerities and developed a few powers because of which he became highly conceited. Then, a few benevolent spirits advised him to go to Tulādhāra[1] living in Kāśi for greater enlightenment.

When he approached Tulādhāra he was surprised to find that he had already come to know everything about his tapas and his conceit. On being questioned about this, Tulādhāra gave him a long discourse on true dharma.

The salient points of his teaching can be summarized as follows:

  • One should earn one’s livelihood with least injury to other beings.
  • He should be a friend of all, with an equanimous temperament.
  • He should practice detachment, self-control and freedom from fear.
  • Understanding the correct nature of dharma and then practicing it is the best way.[2]


  1. Tulādhāra was a vaiśya merchant.
  2. Mahābhārata, Śāntiparva Chapters 262 and 263
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore