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Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

The principal schools of Vedānta are based on their interpretation of the Brahmasutras of Bādarāyaṇa. The pioneering ācāryas[1] of these schools often try to garner support for their philosophy from the more ancient teachers who might have commented upon it. One such, quoted by Rāmānuja,[2] is the Vṛttikāra Bodhāyana.

Śaṅkara[3] refers to one Upavarsa. According to Vedānta Deśika[4] both are the same person. Upavarsa had two other names, Kṛtakoṭi and Halabhuti. Nothing is known about him. According to some scholars he wrote a commentary on the Purvamimānsā Sutras and existed during the period 100 B.C. and A.D. 100.


  1. Ācāryas means teachers.
  2. He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.
  3. He lived in A. D. 788-820.
  4. It was written in A. D. 1268-1370.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore