Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Vaiśvānara literally means ‘one who leads all human beings’.

Vaiśvānara as per Bhagavadgītā[edit]

This word has been used in several senses. It is one of the names of Agni, fire or fire-god. The Bhagavadgītā[1] refers to it as an aspect of Kṛṣṇa who resides in the bodies of living beings and digests the food they eat.[2]

Vaiśvānara as per Māndukya Upaniṣad[edit]

In the Vedānta philosophy it refers to Brahman/ātman as consciousness, associated with the whole created world.[3] The Vedāntasāra of Sadānanda calls him as Virāṭ also.[4] He is called Vaiśvānara since he leads all human beings according their puṇya[5] or pāpa[6] to the respective goals.


  1. Bhagavadgītā 15.14
  2. Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad 5.9.1
  3. Māndukya Upaniṣad 3
  4. Māndukya Upaniṣad para 111
  5. Puṇya means merit.
  6. Pāpa means demerit.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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