By Swami Harshananda
Varuṇapraghāsa is one of the Vedic sacrifices listed under the Cāturmāsya group. Varuṇa is the chief deity to whom yavas are offered. It needs two āhavanīya fires. Apart from the four chief priests, a fifth one named pratiprasthātṛ, an assistant to the adhvaryu is also present. Materials to be offered are mainly yava and rice. Two figurines, one of a ram and the other of an ewe, prepared out of barley flour, are also offered into the fire. Viṣṇukrama, four steps with appropriate mantras taken by the sacrificer, is an important part of this rite.
- Yavas means barley grains.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore