Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Yogavighnas literally means ‘hindrances to yoga’.

Yogavighnas, obstacles and hindrances to yoga[1] are many and varied. They have been listed by some works such as:

  1. Śivasamhitā[2]
  2. Yogakundali Upaniṣad[3]
  3. Yogatattva Upaniṣad[4]

They are:

  1. Bhoga - enjoyment
  2. Dharma - ritualism
  3. Jñāna - intellectual knowledge
  4. Divāsupti - sleeping during daytime
  5. Viṣamāsanadoṣa - defects of āsanas
  6. Sanśaya - doubts
  7. Pramattatā - conceit
  8. Ālasya - laziness
  9. Nidrā - excessive sleep
  10. Bhrānti - anomalous understanding
  11. Strīlaulya - sexuality
  12. Mṛgatṛṣṇā - illusory and vain desires

The Yogasutras of Patañjali[5] has listed nine obstacles called antarāyas and five more that create tensions in the mind.[6]


  1. Yoga means concentration and meditation leading to God-realization or liberation.
  2. Śivasamhitā 5.1
  3. Yogakundali Upaniṣad 1.56 to 61
  4. Yogatattva Upaniṣad 30, 31
  5. He lived in 200 B.C.
  6. Yogasutras 1.30 and 31
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore