By Swami Harshananda
Bhutagaṇa literally means ‘troupe of goblins’.
Nīlalohita Rudra (one of the aspects of Śiva) is said to have created eleven crores of bhutas. They are generally pictured as lean figures with elongated ears eager to trouble others. They often fought the asuras or demons siding with the gods.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore