Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.


This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Cāmuņḍā

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Camunda)

By Jit Majumdar


  1. pertaining to Caņda and Muņda
  2. one who has slain Caņda and Muņda
  3. a very fierce and wrathful form of goddess Kauśikī, who in turn was created by Durgā out of her own self, who was born out of her as the embodiment of her fury and rage, to assist the former in the slaying the army of asuras led by Canda and Munda. She is depicted as being either black as rainclouds or red, skeletal in appearance, with a hideous face and protruding, burning eyes, and having an enormous mouth with sharp pointed teeth and a lolling tongue. She is ever hungry, rides a corpse or a ghost, dressed in a skirt of tiger skin, and decorated with ornaments of bone, and a garland of skulls, having for, six, eight, ten or twelve arms, holding a drum, trident, cleaver, snake, skull-wand, thunderbolt, a severed head and a drinking vessel or skull-cup filled with blood. She is further decorated with serpents and scorpions, and is surrounded by jackals, ghosts, skeletons, and ghouls. She is identified with Kālī and is one of the seven Mātŗkās or mother goddesses (D. Saptaśati); an emanation of the goddess Nārasińghī, who is one of the Mātŗkās, and the embodiment of the vice of tale-telling (Vr. Pur.); one of the Mātŗkās who were created by Śiva to help him kill the asura Andhaka, by draining all his blood (Ms. Pur.). She is also known by the alternative names of Candikā, Cāmuņdī and Cāmuņdeśvarī.

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