From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Citi, Citiśakti literally means ‘consciousness,’ ‘conscious power’.

The Yoga system of philosophy as systematized by Patañjali (200 B. C.) posits three fundamental principles:

  1. Puruṣa or the individual soul
  2. Prakṛti or insentient nature
  3. Īśvara or God

Among these, puruṣa is also called by other names such as:

  1. Draṣtā - the seer
  2. Citi - consciousness
  3. Citiśakti - conscious power

His essential nature is pure consciousness. Hence it is named accordingly.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore