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By Swami Harshananda

Citi, Citiśakti literally means ‘consciousness,’ ‘conscious power’.

The Yoga system of philosophy as systematized by Patañjali (200 B. C.) posits three fundamental principles:

  1. Puruṣa or the individual soul
  2. Prakṛti or insentient nature
  3. Īśvara or God

Among these, puruṣa is also called by other names such as:

  1. Draṣtā - the seer
  2. Citi - consciousness
  3. Citiśakti - conscious power

His essential nature is pure consciousness. Hence it is named accordingly.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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