Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Gajendra-mokṣa literally means ‘liberation of the king of elephants’.

One of the most famous episodes in the mythological literature is the story of the liberation of Gajendra or the elephant king from the death grip of a crocodile.

Indradyumna, the king of the Pāṇḍyan country, once ignored the great sage Agastya. Hence the sage cursed him to be born as an elephant. Consequently he reincarnated as Gajendra, the king of the elephants in the region of the Trikuṭa parvata.[1]

On a hot summer day, he went to lake along with all his tribe. At that time a crocodile caught his foot and started dragging him into the water.

All the heroic efforts of Gajendra and his herd to be freed from its clutches were fruitless. Eventually he started collapsing. While collapsing, he prayed to the Lord Viṣṇu intensely. The Lord arrived on his mount Garuḍa and discharged his famous weapon discus, the Sudarśana. Crocodile was thus killed and Gajendra was liberated.

Now this episode[2] is well-known as ‘Gajendra-mokṣa’. It has supplied the core material for many devotional compositions depicting ‘ārta-bhakti’ or ‘devotion of the distressed’. The prayer of Gajendra is spread over 31 verses.[3] It contains not only high philosophy of advaita but also extreme devotion. The ceremonial recitation of this section is common among the devotees of Viṣṇu. Moral of this section is that no disrespect should ever be shown to the devotees of the Lord.


  1. Trikuṭa parvata is a mountain with three peaks.
  2. Bhāgavata 8.4
  3. Bhāgavata 8.3.2-32
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore