Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sudarśana literally means ‘that which has a nice appearance'. Sudarśana is the name of the cakra or discus of Lord Viṣṇu. In his incarnation as Kṛṣṇa he used this weapon quite often. According to certain Śaiva puraṇas, Śiva is said to have gifted it to Viṣṇu who had worshiped him with great devotion at Kāśī.


In iconography, Sudarśana is treated as āyudhapuruṣa[1] and also as an independent deity. He is shown as a figure similar to Viṣṇu, but with six arms or hands. Behind him there is a hexagonal frame enclosed in a flaming circle.


  1. Āyudhapuruṣa means personified deity of the weapon.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles