Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Govardhana Maṭha

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

One of the pioneering works done by Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820) is the establishment of four maṭhas or monasteries in four cardinal places of the country to spread Vedic religion and Advaita philosophy. They are:

  1. The Kālikā Maṭha at Dvārakā in the west in Gujarat
  2. The Jyotir Maṭha near Badarī in the north in Uttaranchal
  3. The Govardhana Maṭha at Puri in the east in Orissa
  4. The Śāradā Maṭha at Śṛṅgeri in the south in Karnataka.

The first pontiff of the Govardhana Maṭha at Puri was Padmapāda. He was one of the four chief disciples of Śaṅkara, who is reputed to have rescued his guru from the clutches of the kāpālikas who wanted to sacrifice him. The Veda assigned to this Maṭha is the Ṛgveda. The brahmacārins of this tradition are given the appellation ‘Prakāśa.’ ‘Vana’ and ‘Araṇya’ are the titles reserved for the sanyāsins ordained through this Maṭha.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore