Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Kurukeśa lived in CE 1061-1161. Great spiritual teachers often have great disciples to carry on their work even after they leave this world. One such disciple of Rāmānuja,[1] considered as his ‘jñānaputra’,[2] was Kurukeśa. He was also known as Tirukkurugaippirān Pillān.

He was the son of Rāmānuja’s maternal uncle Śrīśailapurṇa. He was born in Tirumalai in CE 1061. Rāmānuja chose him to complete one of the three promises he had made to fulfill the last wishes of Yāmunācārya (CE 912-1042). This was to get composed an authoritative commentary in Tamil on the Tiruvāymoli of Nammālvar.

He had acquired great erudition in the Sanskrit and the Tamil scriptures. His single-minded devotion towards Rāmānuja was equally laudable. When Rāmānuja got an idol of Lakṣmī-Hayagrīva[3] in Kashmir, he gave it to Kurukeśa for worship and reverential maintenance. He was the first successor of Rāmānuja as the ācārya (pontiff).

He wrote a detailed commentary in the Maṇipravāla language[4] on the Tiruvāymoli of Nammālvar in 6000 stanzas. Stanzas here are called as ‘granthas’. This work is known as Arāyirappadi. It is said to contain all the important doctrinal points expounded in the Śrībhāsya of Rāmānuja. He was also a good speaker in Sanskrit as well as Tamil. He conducted discourses throughout his life and passed away in CE1161.


  1. Rāmānuja lived in CE 1017-1137.
  2. Jñānaputra means spiritual son.
  3. Lakṣmī-Hayagrīva is an aspect of Viṣṇu.
  4. Maṇipravāla language is Sanskritized Tamil.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore