Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Pnachikkadu Bhagawathy Temple

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By P.R.Ramachander

This temple is situated near Chingavanam, which is a place in between Kottayam and Changanassery. It is the only temple of Goddess Saraswathi in Kerala. People also call it Dakshina Mookambika (Mookambika of the south).

Once,there were three Namboodiri families living near this temple. One of them was Kizheppuram Namboodiri. Since he did not have children, he decided to undertake a pilgrimage to Kasi. On the way he visited the temple of Mookambika. That night Goddess came in his dreams and told him, “You do not have the luck to have children in this birth. A lady of Karunattu house in your place will give birth to twins. If you request them, they will give one of them for adoption by you. Once this boy grows up he will have 10 children and your family would grow by leaps and bounds."

The Namboodiri returned home and kept his umbrella on the shores of the temple tank and went to take bath. However, after bath he was unable to move the umbrella. A sage who came by there at that time told him that Goddess Mookambika wanted to have a temple built there and he could find her idol, in the forest near the local Vishnu temple. He was told that a Yakshi was guarding the idol,and hence before taking possession of same, he should please the Yakshi by offering her Tender coconut water, fried rice powder and Jaggery.

He recovered that idol and consecrated it facing east. As suggested by the sage he also consecrated in the same place another idol facing west. Only the idol facing west is worshipped. This idol does not have any form. But the one facing east which has a form is not worshiped. Mountain and water falls surround this temple. Water would be falling on the idol always. This water is removed constantly and is used for the pooja at this temple. Opposite the statue, a stone lamp is always kept burning. Near by, rough sand is spread on the ground. After saluting the Goddess people write “Hari sree Ganapathaye Nama” on the sand. People believe that by doing so their knowledge would increase and they would become very intelligent.

Plants called “Panathi Kuthu Chedi” completely surround the Goddess facing east. It is not permitted to cut or remove these plants. People say that this plant has never ever wilted. Some times due to wind or rain, the plant is disturbed and we may be able to see the Goddess. But this is very rare.

Just above the Saraswathi idol, the Rakshasas, Nagar (snake) and Yakshi are consecrated. For any important pooja or change in the Saraswathi temple, it is a custom to seek the permission of Yakshi and then only do it. It is the custom in this temple to offer Trimadhuram in the morning, milk and sugar in the noon and Jaggery payasam made of rice at night.

The Navarathri festival is celebrated in a grand manner in this temple. On Vijaya Dasami day, all children who are going to start learning are brought here, placed in the lap of Guru. He writes” Hari sree” on the toungue of the child using silver or gold coin. Later they are made to write ”Hari sree”on the sand.

Saraswatha Ghruthm - Saraswatha ghrutham purified and enriched with saraswathasooktham thousand times repeated is given to the devotees from the temple which is a medicine for boosting memory power by the grace of Devi.

The temple is open between 5.30 AM to 11.30 AM and between 5PM and 7.30 PM.