Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pratardana as per Kausitaki Brāhmanopanisad[edit]

Pratardana, the king of Kāśī, was the son of Divodāsa and Mādhavī. His story appears first in the Kausitaki Brāhmanopanisad[1] of the Ṛgveda. By the dint of his prowess and heroism, he goes to the world of Indra who asks him to choose any boon. Pratardana refuses to ask for it. Indra who is identified here with Supreme Brahman teaches him about his own greatness and asks him to meditate on himself i. e., Indra as prāṇa[2] and prajñātman.[3] The entire section is known as Pratardanavidyā or Prānavidyā.

Pratardana as per Mahābhārata[edit]

The story of Mahābhārata[4] states that the king Pratardana whose race had almost been exterminated by the Haihaya king Vitahavya and his sons, went in pursuit of the fleeing Vitahavya. The latter was given shelter by the sage Bhṛgu who protected him. Hence Pratardana had to return to his kingdom without destroying his enemy. However, by the grace of the sage Bhrgu, Vitahavya became a brāhmaṇa of highly sāttvik nature and Pratardana gave up his enmity.


  1. Kausitaki Brāhmanopanisad 3.1-8
  2. Prāṇa means life-force.
  3. Prajñātman means the Intelligent Self.
  4. Mahābhārata, Anuśāsanaparva 30
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles