Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sandhi literally means an ‘agreement’.

Sandhi as per Political Science[edit]

According to the treatises on religious political science, a king can adopt six methods of policy. They are:

  1. Sandhi - agreement or peace-treaty
  2. Vigraha - taking a hostile attitude
  3. Āsana - indifference
  4. Yāna - preparing to attack the enemy
  5. Sariśraya - taking shelter under a more powerful king
  6. Dvaidhībhāva - adopting a dual policy

Conditions of Sandhi for King[edit]

A king is advised to enter into sandhi[1] with other kings when:

  • His own kingdom is beset with natural calamities
  • There are more powerful enemies whom he cannot cope with
  • He should thus wait for better days

Rules of Sandhi[edit]

Sandhi is not advisable with kings who are equal or weaker in strength. In sandhi, the king can offer his army or treasury or cede a part of his territory to avoid total defeat or submission.

Types of Sandhi[edit]

Several varieties of sandhis, from four up to sixteen, are described in works like Kāmandaklya[2] and Agnipurāna.[3]

Sandhi as per Sanskrit Grammar[edit]

In Sanskrit grammar, the word sandhi means coalescence of two letters coming into immediate contact. For instance, when the letter i comes in front of a, they coalesce into e, as in para + īśa = pareśa.

Sandhi as per Ayurveda[edit]

In Ayurveda, it refers to the joints in limbs like the hands and the feet.


  1. Sandhi means peace-treaty.
  2. Kāmandaklya 9.2-18
  3. Agnipurāna 240
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore