From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Vedārambha literally means ‘beginning the first study of the Vedas’.

Definition of Vedārambha Ceremony[edit]

In the most ancient days, the study of the Vedas was commenced just after the upanayāna ceremony. However, as the study of the Vedas was relegated to the background due to the rise of the non-Vedic literature and its study, a new sanskāra or sacrament called Vedārambha was introduced after upanayāna and before samāvartana. This was to be done if the brahmacārin wished to study the Vedas also.

Rituals of the Vedārambha[edit]

This simple ceremony consisted of the following steps:

  1. Ābhyudayikaśrāddha or Nandīśrāddha
  2. Establishing the laukikāgni[1]
  • Offerings of ghee into the fire
  • Gifts to the officiating brāhmaṇa

Pattern of the Offerings[edit]

To begin the study of Ṛgveda, Yajurveda, Sāmaveda and Atharvaveda. The pattern of offerings was as follows:


  1. Laukikāgni means domestic fire.
  2. Bhu means earth.
  3. Antarikṣa means space.
  4. Dyaus means heaven.
  5. Diśah means quarters.
  6. Homa means domestic fire ritual.
  7. Dakṣiṇā means fees.
  8. Dāna means gifts.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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