Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Śarabha literally means ‘the killer’.

As per Viṣṇusahasranāma[edit]

In the Viṣṇusahasranāma[1] the word as applied to Viṣṇu is used in two senses:

  1. One who shines in the hearts of embodied beings
  2. One who destroys evil persons

As per Śaivāgamas[edit]

According to the legends recounted in the Śaivāgamas, śarabha is a mythical animal with eight legs and two heads that attacks and kills lions.

When Naṛsimha, after killing the demon Hiraṇyakaśipu, started roaming about in the forest, striking terror in the hearts of all, Śiva assumed the form of a śarabha and killed him. Being liberated from the lion’s body, Viṣṇu is said to have thanked Śiva and returned to his abode, the Vaikuṇṭha. This is the version believed by the followers of Śiva to deride the followers of Viṣṇu.

As per Śarabhopaniṣad[edit]

The Śarabhopaniṣad[2] describes Viṣṇu as Śarabha who shines in the hearts of the souls and bestows liberation upon them.

As per Uttamakāmikāgama[edit]

According to the Uttamakāmikāgama,[3] a text belonging to the Śaivāgama group, Śarabha is a huge & monstrous form of Śiva, by appeasing whom, one can destroy one’s enemies.

Śarabha Iconographically[edit]

Iconographical works describe him to be with a body which is partly animal, partly a bird and with two heads wearing a big crown.


  1. Viṣṇusahasranāma 356
  2. Śarabhopaniṣad 27
  3. Uttamakāmikāgama 54
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore