From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sādhanacatuṣṭaya literally means ‘fourfold spiritual discipline of Vedānta’.

Works on Advaita Vedānta prescribes a mode of sādhana[1] which has two stages. The first or the preliminary stage is called sādhanacatuṣṭaya or the fourfold spiritual discipline. These disciplines are:

  1. Viveka - discrimination
  2. Vairāgya - renunciation
  3. Śamādiṣaṭka - the group of six starting with śama or quietude
  4. Mumukṣutva - desire for mokṣa or liberation


  1. Sādhana means spiritual discipline.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore